Behaviourism or . The main concern of Behaviourism was focused on overt behaviour rather than subjective states of mind.
The founder was the American psychologist, John Watson, who built Pavlov's ideas of conditioning. Pavolov's concepts appeared to deny individuals all sense of autonomy in the pre-eminence which he attributed to nurture over nature. "Give me a dozen healthy infants, well formed, and my own specified world to bring them up in, and I'll guarantee to take anyone at random and train him to become any type of specialist I may select - doctor, lawyer, artist, merchant, chief, and, yes, even beggar-man and thief, regardless of his talents, penchants, tendencies, abilities, vocations, and race of his ancestors."
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