||A chronic disorder of
the pilosebaceous apparatus associated with an increase in sebum secretion.
It is characterised by open comedones (blackheads), closed comedones
(whiteheads), and pustular nodules.
||Altered reactivity to
an antigen, which can result in pathologic reactions upon subsequent
exposure to that particular antigen.
||A degenerative disease
of the brain characterised by the insidious onset of dementia. Impairment
of memory, judgement, attention span, and problem solving skills are
followed by severe apraxias and a total loss of cognitive abilities.
||Anxiety is a state of
apprehension or fear, either real or imagined, resulting from anticipation
of a threatening event or situation.
||Syndrome in which the
primary features include excessive fear of becoming overweight, body
image disturbance, significant weight loss, refusal to maintain minimal
normal weight, and amenorrhea. This disorder occurs most frequently
in adolescent females.
||Arthritis refers to a
group of more than 100 types of rheumatic diseases that cause inflammation
of a joint or joints.
||A form of bronchial disorder
associated with airway obstruction, marked by recurrent attacks of
paroxysmal dyspnea, with wheezing due to spasmodic contraction of
||A behaviour disorder originating
in childhood in which the essential features are signs of developmentally
inappropriate inattention, impulsivity, and hyperactivity.
||Acute or chronic
pain located in the posterior regions of the trunk, including
the thoracic, lumbar, sacral, or adjacent regions.
of urine after the age at which urinary control should have been achieved
||Behavioural problems can
occur in children of all ages. Very often they start in early life.
Toddlers and young children may refuse to do as they are asked.
||Episodic binge eating.
The episodes may be associated with the fear of not being able to
stop eating, depressed mood, or self-deprecating thoughts (binge-eating
disorder) and may frequently be terminated by self-induced vomiting
||Candida is a type of yeast
infection that is generally found in the mouth rectum and vagina.
|Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
||Carpal tunnel syndrome
occurs when the median nerve, which runs from the forearm into the
hand, becomes pressed or squeezed at the wrist
|Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
||A syndrome characterised
by persistent or recurrent fatigue, diffuse musculoskeletal pain,
sleep disturbances, and subjective cognitive impairment of 6 months
duration or longer. Symptoms are not caused by ongoing exertion and
are not relieved by rest.
||An autoimmune disorder
of the small intestine that occurs in genetically predisposed people
of all ages from middle infancy onward. Symptoms include chronic diarrhoea,
failure to thrive in children, and tiredness.
and sometimes painful evacuation of faeces.
||Inflammation of the urinary
bladder. See Urinary
||Depressive states usually
of moderate intensity in contrast with major depression present in
neurotic and psychotic disorders.
||A heterogeneous group
of disorders that share glucose intolerance in common.
||Dyspraxia is a condition
that affects body movements and co-ordination. It can leads to clumsiness,
and problems with speech, perception and thoughts. The causes of dyspraxia
are unclear, but it may be acquired by stroke, accident, illness,
weak trauma, momentary lack of oxygen at birth or during pregnancy.
The disability can be treated with early intervention, using physical
and occupational therapy to improve motor skills.
||Dizziness is defined as
disorientation in space; a sense of unsteadiness. A feeling of movement
within the head such as giddiness or a swimming sensation, light-headedness,
or a whirling sensation.
||Dyslexia is a specific
learning difficulty which makes it hard for some people to learn to
read, write and spell correctly
||A pruritic papulovesicular
dermatitis occurring as a reaction to many endogenous and exogenous
||Fatigue is a feeling of
being drained of energy, of tiredness and a lack of enthusiasm or
motivation. It may involve an inability to concentrate and a sense
Frozen shoulder is
a condition that causes restricted movement and leads to chronic
pain. The technical medical condition is known as adhesive capsulitis.
It is not a well understood shoulder problem. Frozen shoulder affects
muscles and other soft connective tissues around the shoulder joint
resulting in pain and stiffness.
||Also known as allergic
rhinitis, is a common condition that shows signs and symptoms similar
to a cold with sneezing, congestion, runny nose and sinus pressures.
||These are itching, painful,
or bleeding masses of swollen tissues and varicose veins located in
the anus and rectum
||Pain or discomfort in
the head or face area of the head. Headaches may be one-off or recurrent
in nature, and localised to one or more areas of the head and face.
||A hernia is an abnormal
protrusion, or bulging out, of part of an organ through the tissues
that normally contain it. In this condition, a weak spot or opening
in a body wall, often due to laxity of the muscles, allows part of
the organ to protrude.
||Hip pain is common problem,
and it can be confusing because there are many causes. It is important
to make an accurate diagnosis of the cause of your symptoms so that
appropriate treatment can be directed at the underlying problem
|Hypertension / High
||Persistently high arterial
blood pressure. Currently accepted threshold levels are 140 mm Hg
systolic and 90 mm Hg diastolic pressure.
||The inability to perform
by impairment of the ability to initiate or maintain sleep.
|Irritable Bowel Syndrome
||Irritable bowel syndrome
is a syndrome, meaning a group of symptoms. The most common symptoms
of IBS are abdominal pain or discomfort often reported as cramping,
bloating, gas, diarrhoea, and/or constipation. IBS affects the colon,
or large bowel, which is the part of the digestive tract that stores
|Keratosis Pilaris (KP)
||Keratosis pilaris (also
follicular keratosis) is a very common genetic follicular condition
that is manifested by the appearance of rough bumps on the skin.
||An acute inflammatory
disease characterised by a rash with joint swelling and fever. Caused
by bacteria carried by the bite of a deer tick.
||Lymphoedema is a chronic
(long-term) condition that causes swelling in the body's tissue, usually
in the arms or legs.
||The last menstrual period.
Permanent cessation of menses is usually defined by 6 to 12 months
of amenorrhea in a woman over 45 years of age.
||A subtype of vascular
headaches characterised by periodic unilateral pulsatile headaches
which begin in childhood, adolescence, or early adult life and recur
with diminishing frequency during advancing years.
||An auto-immune disorder
mainly affecting young adults and characterised by destruction of
myelin in the central nervous system.
|| An episode of incredibly
intense fear or apprehension that is of sudden onset. A discrete period
of intense fear or discomfort in which (at least 4 of 13) symptoms
developed abruptly and reached a peak within 10 minutes.
||The term pre-menstrual
tension, or PMT, is used to cover a range of symptoms experienced
by some women for up to two weeks before their monthly period. As
many as three out of four women suffer from the condition.
||Depression in women occurring
usually within four weeks after the delivery of a child. The degree
of depression ranges from mild transient depression to neurotic or
psychotic depressive disorders.
||A common genetically determined,
chronic, inflammatory skin disease characterised by rounded erythematous,
dry, scaling patches. The lesions have a predilection for nails, scalp,
genitalia, extensor surfaces, and the lumbosacral region.
||Rheumatoid arthritis is
an autoimmune disease that causes chronic inflammation of the joints.
Rheumatoid arthritis can also cause inflammation of the tissue around
the joints, as well as in other organs in the body.
painful condition caused by overuse or overexertion of some part of
the musculoskeletal system, often resulting from work-related physical
process of the mucous membranes of the paranasal sinuses that occurs
in three stages: acute, subacute, and chronic.
by multiple cessations of respiration during sleep that induce partial
arousals and interfere with the maintenance of sleep.
||Somnipathy, or sleep disorder,
is a medical disorder of the sleep patterns. Some sleep disorders
are serious enough to interfere with normal physical, mental and emotional
functioning, and require medical intervention.
||Stress is a normal condition
that can be positive for us but too much stress can be debilitating
and can lead to self-destructive behaviours such as alcohol or drug
abuse, and extreme cases lead to self-harm.